Humanities & Social Sciences Styles The contributors are responsible for obtaining and securing copyright permission for any submitted material. The Journal of the Balint Society is not responsible for any materials submitted without copyright permission. As The Journal of the Balint Society is an interdisciplinary journal, we employ two styles in our publication corresponding to conventional styles used in the Humanities and Social Sciences respectively. Referred to as: 'Humanities style' and 'Social Sciences style' in this guide. Please choose amongst the two styles described below after the general guidelines. Where the difference is not specifically stated, guidelines refer to both styles. Please note - In addition, for the 'Humanities style', this style sheet should be read in conjunction with the MHRA style guide for preparing scholarly material for publication. This is available free online. If this page is not working, you can search the MHRA website for the free download. Please refer to sections 9 and 10 in particular for advice on the preparation of endnotes and references. Please note that articles that substantially deviate from this style sheet (and in the case of Humanities style, the MHRA guidelines) will be returned to the contributor for revision. General Guidelines Page Setup — Margins and Layout
Top 2.54 cm Bottom 2.54 cm Left 2.8 cm Right 2.8 cm Gutter 0 cm From edge Header 1.27 cm Footer 1.27 cm
Font Times New Roman 12pt Spacing 1.5 for main text and endnotes Alignment Justified Paragraphs First paragraph of article and each subsection: no tab Otherwise each paragraph indented one tab
Article title In bold, centred, 16pt; then leave one line in between Name of contributor In bold, centred, 12pt; then two lines before the body of the text Sub-sections Marked by non-bold, centred Roman numeral Followed (if applicable) by section title on new line, in bold Then one line before the body of the text Titles of books, etc. Italicised, never underlined Dates of books Please provide, wherever possible, the dates of primary texts in the main body of the article.
Social Sciences Style
Article title In bold, justified, 16pt; then leave one line in between Name of contributor In bold, justified, 12pt; then two lines before the body of the text Sub-sections title In bold, justified, 12pt; then one line before the body of the text Titles of books, etc. Italicised, never underlined Dates of books Please provide, wherever possible, the dates of primary texts in the main body of the article.
Quotations (Both Styles)
For short quotations (i.e., under 40 words), please incorporate in the main body of the text, using single quotation marks.
For a quotation within a quotation, use double quotation marks.
For longer quotations of over 40 words, please set out from the main body of the text and format in the following way:
Alignment Justified Indentation 1 cm left and right Spacing Single, 10pt after
Long quotations should not be enclosed in quotation marks.
Punctuation (Both Styles)
Full stops: Followed by a single space before a new sentence
Hyphens/dashes: Please note as a general rule that en dashes should be used in the main body of the text, with a single space on either side.
Most Word application programmes will convert hyphens automatically into en dashes when used with a single space on either side, or by using the 'insert/symbol/special characters' function.
You may wish to retain em dashes and punctuation as they appear in primary quotations. Em dashes can be represented by two hyphens or by using the 'insert/symbol/special characters' function in Word.
A small dash (or non-breaking hyphen) should be used with no space either side for date and page ranges, e.g. 1847-1872.
Ellipses: Ellipses that represent your omission from original source material should be represented with three full stops enclosed within square brackets, e.g. […], to distinguish them from ellipses and variant punctuation in the original source material.
Emphases: Please indicate where appropriate whether emphases and insertions are in the original material, or are your own additions.
Annotations - Humanities Style
All bibliographic information should be presented in endnotes, indicated by superscript numbers in main text. Endnotes should be in Times New Roman 10pt, 1.5 spacing, and justified (again, please refer to MHRA guidelines, section 9, for advice on layout of endnotes).
To reduce the number of endnotes, please incorporate subsequent page numbers for frequently-cited sources in the main body of the text. After the first reference in the endnotes, add a brief sentence, e.g. 'Further references [to this edition, etc.] are given after quotations in the text'. Please use an appropriate abbreviation, italicised, in the main body of the text, i.e., BH for Bleak House.
Please refer to MHRA guidelines, section 11, from page 59 onwards for advice on forms of references. These are only some general examples:
Tom McArthur, Worlds of Reference: Lexicography, Learning and Language from the Clay Tablet to the Computer (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986), p. 59.
Chapters in Books
Martin Elsky, 'Words, Things, and Names: Jonson’s Poetry and Philosophical Grammar', in Classic and Cavalier: Essays on Jonson and the Sons of Ben, ed. by Claude J. Summers and Ted-Larry Pebworth (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1982), pp. 31-55 (p. 41).
Articles in Journals
D. Spikes, 'The Jacobean History Play and the Myth of the Elect Nation', Renaissance Drama, n.s., 8 (1970), 117-49.
Annotations - Social Sciences Style
All bibliographic information should be presented in Harvard style. Although the Harvard style is the most commonly-used style of referencing worldwide, it is not 'owned' by any institution or organisation, so no authority sets the rules. This means they have been interpreted slightly differently by different institutions. These are some general examples:
In the main body of the text: (Author 1906, p.34).
Mercer, P.A. and Smith, G., 1993. Private viewdata in the UK. 2nd ed. London: Longman.
Chapters in Books
Bantz, C.R., 1995. Social dimensions of software development. In: Anderson, J.A., ed. Annual review of software management and development. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 502-510.
Articles in journals
Evans, W.A., 1994. Approaches to intelligent information retrieval. Information processing and management, 7 (2), 147-168.
The reference list should be in Times New Roman 10pt, 1.5 spacing, justified alignment with a hanging indent.
Spelling (Both Styles)
American spellings should be amended to UK English, except in quotations.
Page Numbers & Footers (Both Styles)
Please note that page numbers and footers should start on page 2
Page Numbers Position: Top of page Alignment: Right Font: Times New Roman 10pt
Footer Alignment: Right Indentation: 0 cm either side Spacing: Single Font: Times New Roman 11pt Layout: Author, new line, Title of paper (all in bold); leave single line space after
Journal of the Balint Society, in bold, Issue Number (Year)
Images (Both Styles)
Please do not place images in Word documents. Images should be provided as separate files in JPG format, 72dpi resolution, no bigger than 1000 pixels width/height. Instructions should be added to your Word document to insert images where appropriate. These instructions should be placed in square brackets, stating the file name and, after a semi-colon, the caption, e.g.:
[guernica.jpg; Pablo Picasso, Guernica, 1937, Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid]